To get the most out of your monitor, it is best to understand its inner workings, including color technology and gamut.
Understanding the color gamut
The term 'gamut' can be defined as 'an entire range or series.' Therefore, the term 'color gamut' refers to a range or series of colors. In relation to color reproduction in computer graphics, color gamut refers to the various levels of colors that can potentially be displayed by a device. In devices like computer monitors and televisions, colored light (red, green and blue or RGB) is mixed together in order to generate the final colors that we see on the screen.
Since color is such a crucial element in a monitor, it's important for consumers like you to understand how much color a device can represent. This gives an idea of what a monitor is capable of handling color wise and what you can expect in terms of performance.
The different color gamuts available
As mentioned earlier, computer monitors work by mixing together red, green and blue colored lights. Therefore, monitors apply what is called the RGB color gamuts and it is how different monitors are rated for their color. Here are the main color gamuts that a computer monitor can be rated by:
Did you know that the images you see on a computer monitor are produced by a mixture of red, green and blue colored lights?
sRGB is the most common of the RGB-based color gamuts and it is widely used in computer displays, TVs, cameras, video recorders, and other consumer electronics. As it is one of the oldest of the color gamuts, it is used as a reference for computer and consumer electronics. However, it is also the narrowest of the color gamuts.
Developed by Adobe, this color gamut provides a wider range of colors than sRGB. Because AdobeRGB provids a wider gamut, it is better at translating colors to print. This makes it ideal for use with various graphics programs, including Photoshop, to give professionals a greater level of color in graphics and photos.
Although it is not the widest color gamut possible, NTSC is specially developed and suited for the range of perceived colors that the human eye can see. Few devices actually have the ability to reach this level of color in a display. The average computer monitor will usually display around 70 to 75% of the NTSC color gamut. But it can be much higher in high-performance monitors, like the Philips 328E9QJAB, which boasts 103% NTSC.
High-performance monitors like the 328E9QJAB have a 100%+ NTSC to provide vivid, highly-accurate colors.
Rating the color gamut of monitors
Monitors are typically rated on the percentage of colors out of a color gamut. For example, is a monitor is rated at 100% NTSC, then it means it can display all of the colors within the NTSC color gamut. For most users, lower percentage of colors is acceptable, as it is what we are used to seeing from television and video sources. However, for professional graphical applications, a higher percentage of colors is desirable. In order to fully benefit from these percentages and to achieve a highly-accurate level of color, the monitor must be fully calibrated with proper profiles and adjustments.